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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 95-99

A Cross-Sectional Analysis of Metabolic Syndrome Factors in North Indian Adult Population of Kashmir

1 Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, New Dehli, India
2 Department of Internal Medicine, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Correspondence Address:
Riyaz Ahmad Bhat
Flat F-18, Married Hostel, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Soura, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir
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DOI: 10.4103/2384-5147.136822

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Background: Kashmiri population is ethnically distinct, culturally unique and has distinct lifestyle and dietary habits. There is a high prevalence of obesity in Kashmiri populations and also studies have shown high prevalence of diabetes mellitus in this population. Aim: We designed this study to evaluate important metabolic parameters contributing to the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS). Materials and Methods: A prospective study involving 500 participants was designed. An informed consent was obtained from all the subjects before selection and permission was granted by Hospital Ethical Committee beforehand. The subjects were selected from the attendants who accompanied patients in in-patient and out-patient Departments of Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar Kashmir. A random sampling procedure was adopted for the study. Age, sex, weight, height, waist circumference, hip circumference as well as blood pressure were measured in all study participants. Furthermore, measured were blood glucose and lipids in all participants. Subjects were screened for the components of MS according to criteria given by Adult Treatment Panel-111. Statistical Analysis: Data were analyzed using SPSS Version 11.5. Student's t-test was used to analyze categorical variable, while Chi-square tests was used for categorical variable and Mann-Whitney U-test to define association. The level of significance in each case was considered as P < 0.05. Results: The mean age of both men and women was 37 years. The prevalence of MS in this population is 8.6%, among males the prevalence is 7.4%, while among females it is 9.9% (P = 0.323). The prevalence of hypertension was 24.9% for males and 12.3% for females. The prevalence of hyperglycemia was 9.3% for males and 7.8% for females. About 9.7% males and 25.9% females had low high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C). 17.1% males and 13.2% females had elevated triglyceride levels. The prevalence of obesity in males was 1.9% and in females it was 8.6%. Hypertension was the most common factor affecting the estimates of MS in men, whereas central obesity and low HDL-C were the common contributing factors in women. Conclusion: In this population, the components of the MS are more common among females than males. This could be related to the high prevalence of obesity and diabetes among them.

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