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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 36-42

Perception of antimicrobial resistance among clinical medical students in a Tertiary Nigerian Teaching Hospital

1 Department of Community Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
2 Smart Health Informatics, Zaria, Nigeria
3 Department of Community Medicine, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Nigeria
4 Department of Community Medicine, Kogi State University, Anyigba, Nigeria
5 Nigerian Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Abdulhakeem A Olorukooba
Department of Community Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ssajm.ssajm_31_18

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Background: Inappropriate use of antimicrobials worldwide contributes to antimicrobial resistance (AMR). The World Health Organization has identified education of medical students as an important aspect of AMR containment. Surveys from developed countries revealed that medical students recognize the importance of AMR but feel inadequately prepared and want more education on how to make antimicrobial choices. The perception of Ahmadu Bello University (ABU) medical students regarding AMR has never been evaluated. Aim: This article aims to determine the perception of AMR among medical students of ABU. Setting and design: We conducted a cross-sectional survey on clinical medical students in the fourth, fifth, and sixth year of ABU. Material/methods: Open Data Kit on android was used to administer the questionnaire. The questionnaires recorded basic demographic information, perception about AMR, and promoters of AMR. Bivariate and multivariate associations between categorical variables were tested using odds ratio and confidence intervals. Results: Most (98.4%) respondents strongly agree/agree that AMR was a significant problem nationally and is a significant problem in the hospital (84.6%). Better use of antimicrobials will reduce problems with AMR (98.4%), prescribing broad-spectrum antimicrobials when equally effective narrower spectrum antimicrobials are available increase AMR (77.3%). Most (98.9%) would like more education on AMR. Respondents pointed out that overuse of antimicrobials (97.3%) was one of the main promoters of AMR. Level of student was found to be significantly associated with the perception of AMR. Conclusion: It is recommended that incorporation of additional antimicrobial education into the medical school curriculum is necessary.

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